Präsident Philippinen


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Präsident Philippinen

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Präsident Philippinen Emilio Aguinaldo Video

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The President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and has the powers to declare Martial Law. Through consultation with the Commission on Appointments, he or she can appoint departmental heads, ambassadors, and other high-ranking government officials.

The most notable Presidents of the Philippines through history are looked at below. Emilio Aguinaldo was a military, political, and revolutionary leader who served as the inaugural President of Philippines.

Aguinaldo served from January 23, until March 23, Before becoming the President, he led the country against Spain in the Philippine Revolution between and Upon assuming office, he again led the country against the US in the Philippines-America War between and during which he was captured ending his Presidency and dissolving the Republic.

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Read Next Man gets years for 'sadistic' home invasion that left Share Selection. In the other major languages of the Philippines such as the Visayan languages , Presidente is more common when Filipinos are not actually code-switching with the English word.

Depending on the definition chosen for these terms, a number of persons could alternatively be considered the inaugural holder of the office.

Although the word Tagalog refers to the Tagalog people , a specific ethno-linguistic group, Bonifacio used it to denote all non-Spanish peoples of the Philippines in place of Filipinos , which had colonial origins.

Some historians contend that including Bonifacio as a past president would imply that Macario Sacay and Miguel Malvar should also be included.

In March , during the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Emilio Aguinaldo was elected president of the revolutionary government at the Tejeros Convention.

Aguinaldo was again elected President at Biak-na-Bato in November, leading the Republic of Biak-na-Bato. Aguinaldo therefore signed the Pact of Biak-na-Bato and went into exile in Hong Kong at the end of In April , the Spanish—American War broke out, and the Asiatic Squadron of the United States Navy sailed for the Philippines.

At the Battle of Manila Bay on May 1, the American Navy decisively defeated the Spanish Navy effectively ending Spanish rule in the Philippines.

Navy vessel and renewed the revolution. He formed a dictatorial government on May 24, and issued the Philippine Declaration of Independence on June 12, On June 23, , Aguinaldo transformed his dictatorial government into a revolutionary government.

On January 23, , he was then elected President of the First Philippine Republic , a government constituted by the Malolos Congress under the Malolos Constitution.

Consequently, this government is also called the Malolos Republic. The First Philippine Republic was short-lived and never internationally recognized.

The Philippines was transferred from Spanish to American control by the Treaty of Paris of , signed in December of that year. His government effectively ceased to exist on April 1, , after he pledged allegiance to the United States following his capture by U.

The current government of the Republic of the Philippines considers Emilio Aguinaldo to be the first president of the Philippines.

Miguel Malvar continued Aguinaldo's leadership of the Philippine Republic after the latter's capture until his own capture in , while Macario Sakay founded a Tagalog Republic in as a continuing state of Bonifacio's Katipunan.

They are both considered by some scholars as "unofficial presidents", and along with Bonifacio, are not recognized as presidents by the government.

Between and , executive power in the Philippines was exercised by a succession of four American military Governors-General and eleven civil Governors-General.

In October , Manuel L. Quezon was elected the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines , which had been established, still under United States sovereignty, under a constitution ratified on 14 May of that year.

During its first five years, the president could serve for an unrenewable six-year term. It was later amended in to limit a president to serving no more than two four-year terms.

Abad Santos was subsequently executed by the Imperial Japanese Army on May 2, Laurel became President under a constitution imposed by the Japanese occupation.

Laurel, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines , had been instructed to remain in the City of Manila by President Quezon, who withdrew to Corregidor and then to the United States to establish a government in exile in the United States.

The General Headquarters and Military Camp Base of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was a military station are moved in the province.

After the combined American and Filipino forces liberated the islands in , Laurel officially dissolved the republic on August 17, It remained in effect after the United States recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of the Philippines as a separate self-governing nation on July 4, A new Constitution ratified on January 17, under the rule of Ferdinand E.

Marcos introduced a parliamentary-style government. Marcos instituted himself as Prime Minister while serving as President in This Constitution was in effect until the People Power Revolution of toppled Marcos's year authoritarian regime and replaced him with Corazon C.

Ruling by decree during the early part of her tenure and as a president installed by revolutionary means, President Corazon Aquino issued Proclamation No.

Often called the "Freedom Constitution," the proclamation retained only parts of the Constitution that were essential for a return to democratic rule, such as the bill of rights.

This constitution was superseded on February 2, by the present constitution. Both Bonifacio and Aguinaldo might be considered to have been an inaugural president of an insurgent government.

The government considers Aguinaldo to have been the first president of the Philippines, followed by Quezon and his successors. For instance, the current president, Rodrigo R.

Duterte, is considered to be the 16th president. While the government may consider Aguinaldo as the first president, the First Republic fell under the United States' jurisdiction due to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish—American War ; the United States thus does not consider his tenure to have been legitimate.

Quezon is considered to be the first president by the United States. He is also the first to win a popular election and a nationwide election.

As with many other Axis -occupied countries in the Second World War, the Philippines had at one point two presidents heading two governments.

One was Quezon and the Commonwealth government-in-exile in Washington, D. Notably, Laurel was himself instructed to remain in Manila by President Quezon.

The inclusion of Laurel thus causes some problems in determining the order of presidents. The president of the Philippines, being the chief executive, serves as both the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

The constitution vests the executive power with the president who consequently heads the government's executive branch, including the Cabinet and all executive departments.

The president has power to grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, and remit fines and forfeitures after conviction by final judgment, except in cases of impeachment.

The president can grant amnesty with the concurrence of the majority of all the members of the Congress. The president also exercises general supervision over local government units.

The president also serves as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. With the consent of the Commission on Appointments, the president also appoints the heads of the executive departments, board of members and its leaders from any national government-related institutions, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, high-ranking officers of the armed forces, and other officials.

Such appointments do not need the approval of the Commission on Appointments. Some government agencies report to no specific department but are instead under the Office of the President.

These include important agencies such as the National Security Council , Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, Commission on Human Rights , Commission on Higher Education , Climate Change Commission, Commission on Population, Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board, Metropolitan Manila Development Authority , Movie and Television Review and Classification Board , Authority of the Freeport Area of Bataan , Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority , and many more.

Article 7, Section 2 of the Constitution reads: "No person may be elected President unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines, a registered voter, able to read and write, at least forty years of age on the day of the election, and a resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately preceding such election.

Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines at the time of their birth and those born before 17 January , of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority are considered natural-born Filipinos.

However, with the case of Joseph Estrada who was elected president in , deposed in , and again ran for the presidency in , the Constitution's wording where "[the] President shall not be eligible for any re-election" [32] remains unclear as his case was never brought to the Supreme Court.

It remains unclear whether the term limit of no re-election applies only to the incumbent president or for any person who has been elected as President.

The president is elected by direct vote every six years, usually on the second Monday of May. The returns of every election for President and Vice President, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to Congress, directed to the president of the Senate.

Upon receipt of the certificates of canvass, the president of the Senate shall open all the certificates in the presence of a joint public session of Congress not later than 30 days after election day.

Congress then canvasses the votes upon determining that the polls are authentic and were done in the manner provided by law.

The person with the highest number of votes is declared the winner, but in case two or more have the highest number of votes, the president is elected by a majority of all members of both Houses, voting separately on each.

The president of the Philippines usually takes the Oath of Office at noon of June 30 following the presidential election. Traditionally, the vice president takes the oath first, a little before noon.

This is for two reasons: first, according to protocol, no one follows the president who is last due to his supremacy , and second, to establish a constitutionally valid successor before the president-elect accedes.

During the Quezon inauguration, however, the vice president and the Legislature were sworn in after the president, to symbolise a new start. As soon as the president takes the Oath of Office, a gun salute is fired to salute the new head of state, and the Presidential Anthem Mabuhay is played.

In Search of Southeast Asia: A Modern History Revised ed. University of Hawaii Press. Guevara, Sulpicio, ed. The laws of the first Philippine Republic the laws of Malolos — Compiled, edited, and translated into English by Sulpicio Guevara.

Manila: National Historical Institute published Philippine Electoral Almanac PDF Revised and expanded ed. Manila: Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office.

Tucker, Spencer, ed. The Encyclopedia of the Spanish—American and Philippine—American Wars: A Political, Social, and Military History.

Presidents of the Philippines. Emilio Aguinaldo. Manuel L. Jose P. Manuel Roxas Elpidio Quirino Ramon Magsaysay Carlos P. Garcia Diosdado Macapagal Ferdinand Marcos.

Ferdinand Marcos. Ferdinand Marcos Corazon Aquino. Corazon Aquino Fidel V. Ramos Joseph Estrada Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Benigno Aquino III Rodrigo Duterte.

Philippine presidential inaugurations. Aquino III Duterte Lists related to the presidents and vice presidents of the Philippines.

List of presidents List of vice presidents. Birth Age Lifespan Time in office Firsts. Previous executive experience Inaugurations.

Education Province Religious affiliation. Tickets Former presidents who pursued public office. Elections First ladies and gentlemen Currency appearances Portrayals in media Unofficial presidents.

Birth Age Death Time in office. Place of primary affiliation. Line of succession. Leaders of Southeast Asian countries.

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Categories : Lists of national presidents Lists of political office-holders in the Philippines Presidents of the Philippines. Hidden categories: Pages using the EasyTimeline extension Articles containing Filipino-language text Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Use mdy dates from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.

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September 26, The Philippine Star. October 14, Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved July 6, Retrieved June 18, Retrieved June 21, Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on June 17, Retrieved June Archived from the original on November 4, Retrieved July 8, November 8, Philippine Daily Inquirer.

Retrieved June 16, Archived from the original on March 4, His Excellency Jose P. Laurel, President of the Second Philippine Republic: Speeches, Messages and Statements, October 14, to December 19, Laurel Memorial Foundation.

Retrieved June 18, — via Presidential Museum and Library. September 4, National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved July 23, Retrieved July 24, Archived from the original on March 23,

Elections Recent elections General: The president then inducts the Müller Milch Muh Deckel formed cabinet into office Petra Martić one of the state rooms. Retrieved April 8, Archived from the original on March 4,
Präsident Philippinen
Präsident Philippinen
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